The surface of every material or product interacts with the outside world. Therefore the chemical, physical and biological properties of the surface substantially determine the specific applications and frequently also the service life of a component.
To an increasing extent innovative products are finished with a tailor-made surface design, for which the processes and surface composition have to be controlled down into the submicroscopic or atomic range. This is because adhesion, wettability, wear and corrosion are affected even by the smallest contaminations.
Only modern methods of surface analytics provide access to this information.