Foils and textiles


The applications of films for packaging, surface protection and for many other applications bring a great need for tailored surface equipment with them. This includes the coating, for example with gas permeation barriers, as well as chemical treatment of surfaces, as is required for the setting of the wetting properties, for adhesion, or for biocompatibility.


Especially in the field of technical textiles new process concepts are in high demand. Users are increasingly having a high chemical throughput and simultaneously face growing environmental constraints (e.g. REACH). On this topic, Fraunhofer IGB develops innovative solutions together with industrial companies and textile research institutes.

Here, plasma technology offers a promising approach to equip textiles efficiently and environmentally friendly with desired characteristics - especially water and oil repellent properties.

The conventional, chemical textile finishing often produces harmful by-products or waste products. For example, long fluorocarbon chains are required to equip textiles with oil-repellent (oleophobic) properties. However, molecular fragments of finishing chemicals are released during the finishing process, oder during subsequent washing and re-impregnation. Some of these fragments and their reaction products are toxic and therefore represent a problem.

Plasma treatment of textiles is chemically covalent and therefore works with a minimum use of chemicals.

It makes it possible to apply stable coatings on surfaces. Plasma treatment achieves a high film quality while working at high processing speed.

Reference Projects

NANODYN – Anti-icing coating


With the objective of developing microscale and nanoscale structured layers in order to control the wetting behaviors of surfaces, two research institutes and four industrial enterprises have teamed up in the NANODYN joint project. The University of Bremen is concerned with the simulation of structured wetting and dewetting surfaces, whereas the Fraunhofer IGB supports the project via the development of new plasma coatings, the creation of surface structuring as well as selective analysis of the structures generated.