A second phase with defined inner interface for polymer membranes
Mixed-matrix membranes (MMM) are made of hybrid materials. These have defined internal interfaces, which in turn are characterized by discontinuously changing material properties.
We work with both organic-organic and organic-inorganic composites, where the membrane polymer is often filled with particles or fibers. The second phase can improve membrane properties such as permeability and selectivity, add completely new functionalities, or improve swelling behavior or overall stability.
Organic-organic mixed matrix membranes
In the case of organic-organic MMM, we use self-developed polymeric sub-micron particles, which are available with a wide range of different surface functions. These particles are fully compatible with the phase inversion process and the resulting membranes can be used as selective membrane adsorbers.
Organic-inorganic mixed-matrix membranes
The inorganic particles used are freely available on the market or are manufactured at Fraunhofer IGB using precipitation processes or the sol-gel process. By further modifying the inorganic phase by means of e.g. silanes carrying functional groups, customized membranes for different types of applications (e.g. fuel cells) can be developed.